The high court determined that three sections involving alien registration, employment, and detention were pre-empted by federal law or Congress occupying the field of law.
Section 3 makes failure to comply with federal alien-registration requirements a state misdemeanor; §5(C)makes it a misdemeanor for an unauthorized alien to seek or engage in work in the State; §6 authorizes state and local officers to arrest without a warrant a person “the officer has probable cause to believe . . . has committed any public offense that makes the person removable from the United States”; and §2(B) requires officers conducting a stop, detention, or arrest to make efforts, in some circumstances, to verify the person’s immigration status with the Federal Government.
The Supreme Court said section 2(B) was not yet ripe for review because it had not gone into effect, and no one knows how local law enforcement will implement it.
So what about Alabama's "toughest in the nation" immigration law? They are a lot tougher than Arizona's, and will probably go down to a lot harder defeat, particularly because the laws are not making aliens "self-deport" and are not helping the state's economy. Unemployment is up, and there are sectors in the economy such as home-building and construction that are way, way up, thanks to our tough Republican-dominated Legislature, which promised us that our economy would improve if we just got rid of the illegals (read that Hispanics). Alabama farmers might say, "With friends like these, who needs enemies?"
And I didn't mention Alabama's stellar Republican initiative, a brand new voter ID law! Dumbass white boys at it again.